World Comparisons

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World Comparisons

The latest data from the Organisation Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin (OIV) in its StatOIV Extracts indicate that worldwide the area under vines in 2009 decreased 0.2% to 7,704,000 ha (Table 35). This total is considerably lower than the period between 1976-80 when the figure was 10,213,000 ha.

Europe has seen its area under vines steadily decline since 1995. The continent saw a fairly significant drop of 2.1% of vineyard area between 2008 and 2009. In Asia, China has surpassed Turkey as the fourth largest country by vineyard area. Much of China's vineyard area is dedicated to table grapes but the growth has occurred in winegrapes.

Oceania continued to expand its area under vines, with 2009 totals up by 2.4% over 2007. However, the pace of expansion was slower than the period between 1995 and 2002 when Australia saw significant new plantings.

Spain, France and Italy account for 35.8% of total world vineyard area, down from 39.1% in 1995.

Despite the reduction in vineyard area, total grape production (winegrapes, table grapes, raisins) rose by 3.3% to 68,179 million tonnes in 2009 (Table 36) as global yields rise. The top five countries (China, Italy, Spain, France, and the United States) accounted for 50.1% of this production. China, which was the 6th largest producer in 2000, is now the largest producer. Big movers in growth in terms of world production in 2009 versus 2008 were China (+11%), France (+7.4%), Turkey (+8.9%) and India (+8.2%). Argentina and Australia saw drops in production.

In its 2013 Global Economic Vitiviniculture Data report, the OIV reports that wine production in 2011 increased for the first time since 2008 to 26,741 ML (+1.1% over 2010) (Table 37). Australia, who had dropped from the 6th-largest wine producer in the world in 2005 to the 9th in 2007, regained a bit of ground after recovering from drought and placed 7th. The top three countries - Italy, France and Spain - accounted for 48% of world wine production, down from 62% in 2000. France had a bumper 2011 vintage and surpassed Italy as the world's largest wine producer, while Italy suffered a 12% drop in production in 2011.

The world wine market had mixed results as the volume of wine exports decreased (-3.6%) in 2013 but the value increased (+4.7%) (Table 38). Italy remained the number one exporter by volume with a healthy 7.2% increase from 2012 and France remained the largest exporter by value with exported wine coming in at €5.27 whereas Italy's wine is €2.33. Spain wasn't so fortunate and saw a big 23.0% decline in exports. Australia dropped to fifth place with exports increasing (-2.6%) and Chile increasing by 20.4%. New Zealand grew its export value by nearly 9% to become the 8th largest wine exporter by value. The 11 top world wine exporters account for 90% of global exports.

Six countries (USA, UK, Germany, Canada, China and Japan) import more than a billion euros of wine a year (Table 39). The United States has surpassed the United Kingdom as the largest importer of wine in value. Japan, Canada, Australia, Lithuania and Poland all showed double digit growth in import value in 2013 while Hong Kong and Italy showed drops.

Worldwide wine consumption dropped by 2.1% to 24,014 ML in 2009 (Table 40) driven largely by a 12.1% drop in consumption in Italy and a drop of 4.0% in all of Europe. Europeans consumed 65% of the world's wine in 2009 but this position is eroding as it was 73.8% at the end of the 1980s. China surpassed the United Kingdom as the fifth largest consumer and posted a 9.1% gain.

France's population has the world's highest per capita wine consumption, drinking 48.4 litres per year but down 14.5% from 2003 (Table 41). The OIV previously rated Luxembourg as one of the highest per capita wine drinking countries but now believes that much of the wine purchased there is by visitors to the country. Per capita consumption has dropped substantially in the traditional wine producer and consumer countries such as France, Italy and Spain. High levels of individual consumption are logically found in those countries that are traditional producers of wine. Australia is one of the few countries to post an increase in per capita wine consumption since 2003.

Table 35. Top countries ranked by vineyard area, 2009

Country

Vineyard area
'000 ha

% of
world

% change from
2008

Spain

1,113

14.4

-4.5

France

836

10.9

-2.6

Italy

812

10.5

-1.6

China

518

6.7

7.9

Turkey

515

6.7

-0.6

United States

403

5.2

1.5

Iran

300

3.9

2.7

Portugal

244

3.2

-0.8

Argentina

229

3.0

1.3

Romania

206

2.7

-0.5

Chile

199

2.6

0.5

Australia

176

2.3

1.7

World

7,704

-0.2

Source: OIV - Situation of the world viticultural sector in 2009

Table 36. Top countries ranked by total grape production, 2009

Country

Grape production
million tonnes

% of
world

Change from
2008

China

8,039

11.8

11.1

Italy

7,603

11.2

-2.7

United States

6,643

9.7

0.0

France

6,098

8.9

7.4

Spain

5,760

8.4

-2.4

Turkey

4,265

6.3

8.9

Chile

2,742

4.0

-7.1

Iran

2,256

3.3

0.0

Argentina

2,182

3.2

-22.7

India

1,878

2.8

8.2

South Africa

1,749

2.6

-6.2

Australia

1,684

2.5

-8.3

Brazil

1,457

2.1

4.1

Germany

1,235

1.8

-8.6

World Total

68,179

3.3

Source: OIV - Situation of the world viticultural sector in 2009

Table 37. Top producers of wine in the world, 2011

Country

Wine production
(ML)

% of
world

change
from 2010

France

5,076

19.0

14.4

Italy

4,277

16.0

-11.9

Spain

3,340

12.5

-5.5

United States

1,919

7.2

-8.1

Argentina

1,547

5.8

-4.8

China1

1,280

4.8

0.0

Australia

1,118

4.2

-2.1

Chile

1,046

3.9

18.3

South Africa

928

3.5

-0.5

Germany

913

3.4

32.1

Russia1

713

2.7

0.0

Portugal

561

2.1

-21.3

Romania

329

1.2

0.0

World Total

26,741

1.1

1Estimated. Source: OIV - 2013 Global Economic Vitiviniculture Data

Table 38. Top exporters of wine in the world, 2013

Country

Wine exports
volume (ML)

% change
from 2012

Wine exports
value (Million €)

% change
from 2012

Italy

2,088

-5.6

4,874

7.2

Spain

1,730

-23.0

2,410

3.0

France

1,492

2.2

7,863

3.0

Chile

862

20.4

1,440

8.6

Australia

717

-2.6

1,485

0.9

South Africa

495

27.5

607

10.0

Germany

401

-1.7

993

1.7

United States

397

-1.2

1,101

10.1

Portugal

331

1.5

715

4.8

Argentina

324

-9.5

691

4.3

New Zealand

170

-5.0

769

9.0

World Total

9,807

-3.6

25,610

4.7

Source: OIV - 2013 Global Economic Vitiviniculture Data

Table 39. Top importers of wine, 2013

Country

2012
Million Euros

2013
Million Euros

Change from
2012 (€)

Change from
2012 (%)

United States

3,673

4,034

361

9.8

United Kingdom

3,690

3,863

173

4.7

Germany

2,432

2,469

37

1.5

Canada

1,436

1,579

143

10.0

China

1,175

1,256

81

6.9

Japan

1,079

1,211

131

12.2

Belgium

957

976

19

1.9

Switzerland

896

949

53

5.9

Netherlands

867

897

30

3.4

Russia

781

838

57

7.3

Hong Kong

855

788

-67

-7.9

France

631

646

15

2.4

Sweden

519

564

46

8.8

Denmark

508

522

13

2.6

Australia

424

479

55

13.1

Singapore

368

377

9

2.5

Norway

304

324

19

6.3

Italy

321

310

-12

-3.6

Ireland

228

242

14

6.1

Brazil

233

233

0

-0.2

Austria

192

208

16

8.4

Poland

168

186

18

10.7

Lithuania

138

185

47

34.4

Other importers

2,084

2,290

206

9.9

World Total

23,960

25,424

1,464

6.1

Source: OIV - 2013 Global Economic Vitiviniculture Data

Table 40. Top wine consuming nations, 2009

Country

Wine consumption
ML

% of
world

Change from
2008

France

3,021

12.6

-1.9

United States

2,725

11.3

-2.5

Italy

2,300

9.6

-12.1

Germany

2,022

8.4

-2.6

China

1,497

6.2

9.1

United Kingdom

1,268

5.3

-5.9

Spain

1,127

4.7

-7.5

Argentina

1,034

4.3

-3.2

Russia

1,014

4.2

-10.5

Australia

512

2.1

4.1

Romania

493

2.1

-8.7

Portugal

451

1.9

-0.7

World Total

24,014

-2.1

Source: OIV - Situation of the world viticultural sector in 2009

Table 41. Top wine consuming nations per capita, 2009

Country

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

% change
from 2003

France

56.6

54.8

55.0

53.8

52.1

49.6

48.4

-14.5

Portugal

51.1

46.9

46.5

45.3

42.5

42.5

42.4

-17.1

Italy

50.4

48.4

46.1

46.5

45.0

43.9

38.2

-24.3

Switzerland

40.3

39.7

38.7

37.5

38.9

38.6

37.9

-6.1

Slovenia

33.0

25.4

32.0

26.8

34.2

27.5

37.1

12.3

Denmark

33.8

31.6

31.9

31.7

32.7

33.8

34.2

1.2

Croatia

38.7

36.3

28.7

29.2

33.7

31.4

34.1

-11.9

Austria

29.0

29.1

28.9

29.4

29.5

28.8

28.7

-1.1

Greece

27.8

29.8

32.3

28.8

29.7

28.7

26.7

-3.8

Belgium

25.2

26.4

26.8

27.7

27.5

28.2

26.7

6.1

Hungary

30.8

30.5

29.7

29.8

26.9

27.9

26.1

-15.3

Argentina

32.5

29.0

28.3

28.4

28.3

26.8

25.8

-20.6

Spain

32.8

32.5

31.5

30.8

29.7

27.3

24.7

-24.7

Germany

23.9

24.0

24.0

24.5

25.2

25.2

24.5

2.7

Australia

21.1

21.7

22.3

22.3

22.9

23.3

23.4

10.8

Romania

23.1

26.7

11.0

25.7

25.8

25.3

22.9

-0.8

Source: OIV - Situation of the world viticultural sector in 2009